Long Call Butterfly
long call butterfly
 Details
 Category: nonsynthetic futures and option strategies
 Published on Tuesday, 25 May 2010 16:37
long call butterfly
long butterfly spreads are entered when the investor thinks that the underlying stock will not rise or fall much by expiration. using calls, the long butterfly can be constructed by buying one lower striking inthemoney call, writing two atthemoney calls and buying another higher striking outofthemoney call. a resulting net debit is taken to enter the trade.butterfly spread construction
butterfly spread construction 
buy 1 atthe money call

sell 2 at the money calls

buy 1 out the money call

limited profit
maximum profit for the long butterfly spread is attained when the underlying stock price remains unchanged at expiration. at this price, only the lower striking call expires in the money.the formula for calculating maximum profit is given below:
 max profit = strike price of short call  strike price of lower strike long call  net premium paid  commissions paid
 max profit achieved when price of underlying = strike price of short calls;
limited risk
maximum loss for the long butterfly spread is limited to the initial debit taken to enter the trade plus commissions.the formula for calculating maximum loss is given below:
 max loss = net premium paid + commissions paid
 max loss occurs when price of underlying = strike price of higher strike long call
breakeven point(s)
there are 2 breakeven points for the butterfly spread position. the breakeven points can be calculated using the following formulae. upper breakeven point = strike price of higher strike long call  net premium paid
 lower breakeven point = strike price of lower strike long call + net premium paid
example
suppose xyz stock is trading at $40 in june. an options trader executes a long call butterfly by purchasing a jul 30 call for $1100, writing two jul 40 calls for $400 each and purchasing another jul 50 call for $100. the net debit taken to enter the position is $400, which is also his maximum possible loss.
on expiration in july, xyz stock is still trading at $40. the jul 40 calls and the jul 50 call expire worthless while the jul 30 call still has an intrinsic value of $1000. subtracting the initial debit of $400, the resulting profit is $600, which is also the maximum profit attainable.
maximum loss results when the stock is trading below $30 or above $50. at $30, all the options expires worthless. above $50, any "profit" from the two long calls will be neutralised by the "loss" from the two short calls. in both situations, the butterfly trader suffers maximum loss which is the initial debit taken to enter the trade.
note: while we have covered the use of this strategy with reference to stock options, the butterfly spread is equally applicable using etf options, index options as well as options on futures.
commissions
for ease of understanding, the calculations depicted in the above examples did not take into account commission charges as they are relatively small amounts (typically around $10 to $20) and varies across option brokerages.
however, for active traders, commissions can eat up a sizable portion of their profits in the long run. if you trade options actively, it is wise to look for a low commissions broker. traders who trade large number of contracts in each trade should check out optionshouse.com as they offer a low fee of only $0.15 per contract (+$8.95 per trade).
the butterfly spread is a neutral strategy that is a combination of a bull spread and a bear spread. it is a limited profit, limited risk options strategy. there are 3 striking prices involved in a butterfly spread and it can be constructed using calls or puts.
butterfly spread construction 
buy 1 itm call sell 2 atm calls buy 1 otm call 
long call butterfly
long butterfly spreads are entered when the investor thinks that the underlying stock will not rise or fall much by expiration. using calls, the long butterfly can be constructed by buying one lower striking inthemoney call, writing two atthemoney calls and buying another higher striking outofthemoney call. a resulting net debit is taken to enter the trade.
limited profit
maximum profit for the long butterfly spread is attained when the underlying stock price remains unchanged at expiration. at this price, only the lower striking call expires in the money.
the formula for calculating maximum profit is given below:
 max profit = strike price of short call  strike price of lower strike long call  net premium paid  commissions paid
 max profit achieved when price of underlying = strike price of short calls
butterfly spread payoff diagram 
limited risk
maximum loss for the long butterfly spread is limited to the initial debit taken to enter the trade plus commissions.
the formula for calculating maximum loss is given below:
 max loss = net premium paid + commissions paid
 max loss occurs when price of underlying = strike price of higher strike long call
breakeven point(s)
there are 2 breakeven points for the butterfly spread position. the breakeven points can be calculated using the following formulae.
 upper breakeven point = strike price of higher strike long call  net premium paid
 lower breakeven point = strike price of lower strike long call + net premium paid
example
suppose xyz stock is trading at $40 in june. an options trader executes a long call butterfly by purchasing a jul 30 call for $1100, writing two jul 40 calls for $400 each and purchasing another jul 50 call for $100. the net debit taken to enter the position is $400, which is also his maximum possible loss.
on expiration in july, xyz stock is still trading at $40. the jul 40 calls and the jul 50 call expire worthless while the jul 30 call still has an intrinsic value of $1000. subtracting the initial debit of $400, the resulting profit is $600, which is also the maximum profit attainable.
maximum loss results when the stock is trading below $30 or above $50. at $30, all the options expires worthless. above $50, any "profit" from the two long calls will be neutralised by the "loss" from the two short calls. in both situations, the butterfly trader suffers maximum loss which is the initial debit taken to enter the trade.
note: while we have covered the use of this strategy with reference to stock options, the butterfly spread is equally applicable using etf options, index options as well as options on futures.
the butterfly spread is a neutral strategy that is a combination of a bull spread and a bear spread. it is a limited profit, limited risk options strategy. there are 3 striking prices involved in a butterfly spread and it can be constructed using calls or puts.
butterfly spread construction
buy 1 itm call
sell 2 atm calls
buy 1 otm call
long call butterfly
long butterfly spreads are entered when the investor thinks that the underlying stock will not rise or fall much by expiration. using calls, the long butterfly can be constructed by buying one lower striking inthemoney call, writing two atthemoney calls and buying another higher striking outofthemoney call. a resulting net debit is taken to enter the trade.
limited profit
maximum profit for the long butterfly spread is attained when the underlying stock price remains unchanged at expiration. at this price, only the lower striking call expires in the money.
the formula for calculating maximum profit is given below:
* max profit = strike price of short call  strike price of lower strike long call  net premium paid  commissions paid
* max profit achieved when price of underlying = strike price of short calls
graph showing the expected profit or loss for the butterfly spread option strategy in relation to the market price of the underlying security on option expiration date.
butterfly spread payoff diagram
limited risk
maximum loss for the long butterfly spread is limited to the initial debit taken to enter the trade plus commissions.
the formula for calculating maximum loss is given below:
* max loss = net premium paid + commissions paid
* max loss occurs when price of underlying = strike price of higher strike long call
breakeven point(s)
there are 2 breakeven points for the butterfly spread position. the breakeven points can be calculated using the following formulae.
* upper breakeven point = strike price of higher strike long call  net premium paid
* lower breakeven point = strike price of lower strike long call + net premium paid
example
suppose xyz stock is trading at $40 in june. an options trader executes a long call butterfly by purchasing a jul 30 call for $1100, writing two jul 40 calls for $400 each and purchasing another jul 50 call for $100. the net debit taken to enter the position is $400, which is also his maximum possible loss.
on expiration in july, xyz stock is still trading at $40. the jul 40 calls and the jul 50 call expire worthless while the jul 30 call still has an intrinsic value of $1000. subtracting the initial debit of $400, the resulting profit is $600, which is also the maximum profit attainable.
maximum loss results when the stock is trading below $30 or above $50. at $30, all the options expires worthless. above $50, any "profit" from the two long calls will be neutralised by the "loss" from the two short calls. in both situations, the butterfly trader suffers maximum loss which is the initial debit taken to enter the trade.
note: while we have covered the use of this strategy with reference to stock options, the butterfly spread is equally applicable using etf options, index options as well as options on futures.
the butterfly spread is a neutral strategy that is a combination of a bull spread and a bear spread. it is a limited profit, limited risk options strategy. there are 3 striking prices involved in a butterfly spread and it can be constructed using calls or puts.
butterfly spread construction
buy 1 itm call
sell 2 atm calls
buy 1 otm call
long call butterfly
long butterfly spreads are entered when the investor thinks that the underlying stock will not rise or fall much by expiration. using calls, the long butterfly can be constructed by buying one lower striking inthemoney call, writing two atthemoney calls and buying another higher striking outofthemoney call. a resulting net debit is taken to enter the trade.
limited profit
maximum profit for the long butterfly spread is attained when the underlying stock price remains unchanged at expiration. at this price, only the lower striking call expires in the money.
the formula for calculating maximum profit is given below:
* max profit = strike price of short call  strike price of lower strike long call  net premium paid  commissions paid
* max profit achieved when price of underlying = strike price of short calls
graph showing the expected profit or loss for the butterfly spread option strategy in relation to the market price of the underlying security on option expiration date.
butterfly spread payoff diagram
limited risk
maximum loss for the long butterfly spread is limited to the initial debit taken to enter the trade plus commissions.
the formula for calculating maximum loss is given below:
* max loss = net premium paid + commissions paid
* max loss occurs when price of underlying = strike price of higher strike long call
breakeven point(s)
there are 2 breakeven points for the butterfly spread position. the breakeven points can be calculated using the following formulae.
* upper breakeven point = strike price of higher strike long call  net premium paid
* lower breakeven point = strike price of lower strike long call + net premium paid
example
suppose xyz stock is trading at $40 in june. an options trader executes a long call butterfly by purchasing a jul 30 call for $1100, writing two jul 40 calls for $400 each and purchasing another jul 50 call for $100. the net debit taken to enter the position is $400, which is also his maximum possible loss.
on expiration in july, xyz stock is still trading at $40. the jul 40 calls and the jul 50 call expire worthless while the jul 30 call still has an intrinsic value of $1000. subtracting the initial debit of $400, the resulting profit is $600, which is also the maximum profit attainable.
maximum loss results when the stock is trading below $30 or above $50. at $30, all the options expires worthless. above $50, any "profit" from the two long calls will be neutralised by the "loss" from the two short calls. in both situations, the butterfly trader suffers maximum loss which is the initial debit taken to enter the trade.
note: while we have covered the use of this strategy with reference to stock options, the butterfly spread is equally applicable using etf options, index options as well as options on futures.
the butterfly spread is a neutral strategy that is a combination of a bull spread and a bear spread. it is a limited profit, limited risk options strategy. there are 3 striking prices involved in a butterfly spread and it can be constructed using calls or puts.
butterfly spread construction
buy 1 itm call
sell 2 atm calls
buy 1 otm call
long call butterfly
long butterfly spreads are entered when the investor thinks that the underlying stock will not rise or fall much by expiration. using calls, the long butterfly can be constructed by buying one lower striking inthemoney call, writing two atthemoney calls and buying another higher striking outofthemoney call. a resulting net debit is taken to enter the trade.
limited profit
maximum profit for the long butterfly spread is attained when the underlying stock price remains unchanged at expiration. at this price, only the lower striking call expires in the money.
the formula for calculating maximum profit is given below:
* max profit = strike price of short call  strike price of lower strike long call  net premium paid  commissions paid
* max profit achieved when price of underlying = strike price of short calls
graph showing the expected profit or loss for the butterfly spread option strategy in relation to the market price of the underlying security on option expiration date.
butterfly spread payoff diagram
limited risk
maximum loss for the long butterfly spread is limited to the initial debit taken to enter the trade plus commissions.
the formula for calculating maximum loss is given below:
* max loss = net premium paid + commissions paid
* max loss occurs when price of underlying = strike price of higher strike long call
breakeven point(s)
there are 2 breakeven points for the butterfly spread position. the breakeven points can be calculated using the following formulae.
* upper breakeven point = strike price of higher strike long call  net premium paid
* lower breakeven point = strike price of lower strike long call + net premium paid
example
suppose xyz stock is trading at $40 in june. an options trader executes a long call butterfly by purchasing a jul 30 call for $1100, writing two jul 40 calls for $400 each and purchasing another jul 50 call for $100. the net debit taken to enter the position is $400, which is also his maximum possible loss.
on expiration in july, xyz stock is still trading at $40. the jul 40 calls and the jul 50 call expire worthless while the jul 30 call still has an intrinsic value of $1000. subtracting the initial debit of $400, the resulting profit is $600, which is also the maximum profit attainable.
maximum loss results when the stock is trading below $30 or above $50. at $30, all the options expires worthless. above $50, any "profit" from the two long calls will be neutralised by the "loss" from the two short calls. in both situations, the butterfly trader suffers maximum loss which is the initial debit taken to enter the trade.
note: while we have covered the use of this strategy with reference to stock options, the butterfly spread is equally applicable using etf options, index options as well as options on futures.
Non Synthetic Positions

Long Call Butterfly

Long Futures Position

Short Futures Position

Long Call

Short Call

Bear Spread (call & put)

Bull Spread (call & put)

Long Put

Short Put

Long Straddle

Short Straddle

Long Strangle

Short Strangle

Call Ratio Spread

Put Ratio Spread

Call

Call Ratio Backspread

Put Ratio Backspread

Long Put Butterfly

Short Butterfly

Box Or Conversion/Reversal
Please be aware that trading futures and options involves substantial risk of loss and is not suitable for all investors.
Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future results.
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